A Framework for Model Transformations on Petri Nets in Color

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Partners: TU Wien

Funding: FWF

Eymployed Technologies: Eclipse, Java Eclipse Modelling Framework (EMF/GMF), XText, Colored Petri Nets (CPN-Tools), Transformation Languages (e.g., Eclipse ATL)

Web: http://www.modeltransformation.net/

Team: DI (FH) Dr. Johannes Schönböck, DI Dr. Angelika Kusel, Assoc. Prof. Mag. Dr. Wieland Schwinger M.Sc., a.Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Werner Retschitzegger


Summary of Project Focus. Model transformations play an important role in software engineering in general and in the area of model-driven engineering in particular, representing the key mechanisms for model translations (e.g., translating an ER model into a UML class model), model augmentations (e.g., weaving aspects into a UML class model), and model alignments (e.g., mapping a content model to its GUI view), to mention just a few.

The aim of this project is to establish a framework called TROPIC (Transformations on Petri Nets in Color) for developing model transformations which tackles these limitations. First, TROPIC allows to specify model transformations on different abstraction levels, providing both a declarative mapping language based on UML 2 component diagrams which hides implementation details, and derived from that, an executable transformation language using Coloured Petri Nets. Second, TROPIC facilitates reusability by providing an initial library of generic transformation operators which can be bound to arbitrary metamodels and by allowing to extend this library on demand with new, user-defined, transformation operators, optionally composed out of already existing ones. Finally, TROPIC overcomes the impedance mismatch by supporting a dedicated runtime model in terms of Coloured Petri Nets, allowing for a homogeneous representation of all transformation artefacts (i.e., models, metamodels and the transformation logic itself), which fosters understandability and debuggability of model transformations.

The methodology for evaluating the proposed framework builds on three major pillars. First, appropriate case studies for transforming heterogeneous structural as well as behavioural models will be set up and implemented with different existing model transformation languages, including TROPIC, the results being evaluated on basis of a suitable subset of the ISO 9126 software quality model. Second, the findings of these case studies will be further critically reflected by conducting an empirical study with students from our model engineering courses. Third, dedicated workshops will be held together with internationally renowned inventors of other model transformation languages to additionally review the value of our proposed framework.


Publications:

    2013

  1. Angelika Kusel, Johannes Schönböck, Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. Reuse in model-to-model transformation languages: are we there yet?. Software & Systems Modeling. :1-36. Springer-Verlag, 2013. PDF BibTeX
    @article{Kusel2013,
       title = {{Reuse in model-to-model transformation languages: are we there yet?}},
       author = {Angelika Kusel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       journal = {Software \& Systems Modeling},
       year = {2013},
       publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
       pages = {1-36}
    }
  2. Angelika Kusel, Johannes Schönböck, Manuel Wimmer, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger, Gerti Kappel. Reality Check for Model Transformation Reuse: The ATL Transformation Zoo Case Study. Proceedings of 2nd Workshop on the Analysis of Model Transformations (AMT) @ MoDELS. 2013. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Kusel2013a,
       title = {{Reality Check for Model Transformation Reuse: The ATL Transformation Zoo Case Study}},
       author = {Angelika Kusel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Manuel Wimmer and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger and Gerti Kappel},
       year = {2013},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of 2nd Workshop on the Analysis of Model Transformations (AMT) @ MoDELS}
    }
  3. 2012

  4. Esther Guerra, Juan de Lara, Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Automated verification of model transformations based on visual contracts. Journal of Automated Software Engineering. 20(1):5-46. 2012. PDF BibTeX
    @article{Guerra2012,
       title = {{Automated verification of model transformations based on visual contracts}},
       author = {Esther Guerra and Juan de Lara and Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       journal = {Journal of Automated Software Engineering},
       year = {2012},
       pages = {5-46},
       volume = {20},
       number = {1}
    }
  5. Johannes Schönböck, Gerti Kappel, Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. Debugging Model-To-Model Transformations. Proceedings of the 19th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference. pages: 164-173. 2012. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Schoenboeck2012,
       title = {{Debugging Model-To-Model Transformations}},
       author = {Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Gerti Kappel and Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2012},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 19th Asia-Pacific Software Engineering Conference},
       pages = {164-173}
    }
  6. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Fact or Fiction - Reuse in Model-to-Model Transformations. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT'12). pages: 280--295. Springer-Verlag, 2012. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2012,
       title = {{Fact or Fiction - Reuse in Model-to-Model Transformations}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2012},
       publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT'12)},
       pages = {280--295}
    }
  7. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Werner Schwinger, Dimitris Kolovos, Richard Paige, Marius Lauder, Andy Schürr, Dennis Wagelaar. Surveying Rule Inheritance in Model-to-Model Transformation Languages. Journal of Object Technology. 11(2):3:1-46. 2012. PDF BibTeX
    @article{Wimmer2012a,
       title = {{Surveying Rule Inheritance in Model-to-Model Transformation Languages}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Werner Schwinger and Dimitris Kolovos and Richard Paige and Marius Lauder and Andy Sch\"{u}rr and Dennis Wagelaar},
       journal = {Journal of Object Technology},
       year = {2012},
       pages = {3:1-46},
       volume = {11},
       number = {2}
    }
  8. 2011

  9. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. From the Heterogeneity Jungle to Systematic Benchmarking. Proceedings of Models in Software Engineering - Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2010, Reports and Revised Selected Papers. pages: 150-164. 2011. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2011b,
       title = {{From the Heterogeneity Jungle to Systematic Benchmarking}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2011},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of Models in Software Engineering - Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2010, Reports and Revised Selected Papers},
       pages = {150-164}
    }
  10. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger, Dimitris S. Kolovos, Richard F. Paige, Marius Lauder, Andy Schürr, Dennis Wagelaar. A Comparison of Rule Inheritance in Model-to-Model Transformation Languages. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT 2011). pages: 31-46. 2011. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2011c,
       title = {{A Comparison of Rule Inheritance in Model-to-Model Transformation Languages}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger and Dimitris S. Kolovos and Richard F. Paige and Marius Lauder and Andy Sch\"{u}rr and Dennis Wagelaar},
       year = {2011},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT 2011)},
       pages = {31-46}
    }
  11. Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger, Jesus Sanchez Cuadrado, Esther Guerra, Juan de Lara. Reusing Model Transformations across Heterogeneous Metamodels. Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Multi-Paradigm Modeling @ MoDELS'11, Online Publication. 2011. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2011,
       title = {{Reusing Model Transformations across Heterogeneous Metamodels}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger and Jesus Sanchez Cuadrado and Esther Guerra and Juan {de Lara}},
       year = {2011},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Multi-Paradigm Modeling @ MoDELS'11, Online Publication}
    }
  12. 2010

  13. Johannes Schönböck, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger, Manuel Wimmer. Catch Me If You Can - Debugging Support for Model Transformations. Proceedings of the Models in Software Engineering Workshops and Symposia at MoDELS, Reports and Revised Selected Papers. pages: 5-20. Springer-Verlag, 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Schoenboeck2010,
       title = {{Catch Me If You Can - Debugging Support for Model Transformations}},
       author = {Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger and Manuel Wimmer},
       year = {2010},
       publisher = {Springer-Verlag},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Models in Software Engineering Workshops and Symposia at MoDELS, Reports and Revised Selected Papers},
       pages = {5-20}
    }
  14. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Surviving the Heterogeneity Jungle with Composite Mapping Operators. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT 2010). Tratt, Laurence and Gogolla, Martin, editors, pages: 260-275. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2010d,
       title = {{Surviving the Heterogeneity Jungle with Composite Mapping Operators}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2010},
       publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Model Transformation (ICMT 2010)},
       pages = {260-275}
    }
  15. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Towards an Expressivity Benchmark for Mappings based on a Systematic Classification of Heterogeneities. Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Model-Driven Interoperability (MDI 2010) @ MoDELS. MDI '10, pages: 32--41. ACM, 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2010,
       title = {{Towards an Expressivity Benchmark for Mappings based on a Systematic Classification of Heterogeneities}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2010},
       publisher = {ACM},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Model-Driven Interoperability (MDI 2010) @ MoDELS},
       pages = {32--41},
       series = {MDI '10}
    }
  16. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Plug & Play Model Transformations - A DSL for Resolving Structural Metamodel Heterogeneities. Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Domain-Specific Modeling (DSM 2010) @ Splash. DSM 2010, pages: 7:1--7:6. ACM, 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2010a,
       title = {{Plug \& Play Model Transformations - A DSL for Resolving Structural Metamodel Heterogeneities}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2010},
       publisher = {ACM},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Domain-Specific Modeling (DSM 2010) @ Splash},
       pages = {7:1--7:6},
       series = {DSM 2010}
    }
  17. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Taming the Shrew - Resolving Structural Heterogeneities with Hierarchical CPNs. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Petri Nets and Software Engineering. pages: 141-157. 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2010c,
       title = {{Taming the Shrew - Resolving Structural Heterogeneities with Hierarchical CPNs}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2010},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Workshop on Petri Nets and Software Engineering},
       pages = {141-157}
    }
  18. Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Johannes Schönböck, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger, Gerti Kappel. On using Inplace Transformations for Model Co-evolution. Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Model Transformation with ATL. 2010. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2010b,
       title = {{On using Inplace Transformations for Model Co-evolution}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger and Gerti Kappel},
       year = {2010},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Model Transformation with ATL}
    }
  19. 2009

  20. Angelika Kusel. TROPIC - A Framework for Building Reusable Transformation Components. Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium at ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Kusel2009,
       title = {{TROPIC - A Framework for Building Reusable Transformation Components}},
       author = {Angelika Kusel},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium at ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems}
    }
  21. Angelika Kusel, Wieland Schwinger, Manuel Wimmer, Werner Retschitzegger. Common Pitfalls of Using QVT Relations - Graphical Debugging as Remedy. Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems (ICECCS 2009). ICECCS '09, pages: 329--334. IEEE Computer Society, 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Kusel2009a,
       title = {{Common Pitfalls of Using QVT Relations - Graphical Debugging as Remedy}},
       author = {Angelika Kusel and Wieland Schwinger and Manuel Wimmer and Werner Retschitzegger},
       year = {2009},
       publisher = {IEEE Computer Society},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 14th IEEE International Conference on Engineering of Complex Computer Systems (ICECCS 2009)},
       pages = {329--334},
       series = {ICECCS '09}
    }
  22. Johannes Schönböck. Transformation Nets - A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages. Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium at ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Schoenboeck2009,
       title = {{Transformation Nets - A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages}},
       author = {Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the Doctoral Symposium at ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems}
    }
  23. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Johannes Schönböck, Wieland Schwinger. Right or Wrong? - Verification of Model Transformations using Colored Petri Nets. Proceedings of 9th OOPSLA Workshop on Domain-Specific Modeling. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009a,
       title = {{Right or Wrong? - Verification of Model Transformations using Colored Petri Nets}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of 9th OOPSLA Workshop on Domain-Specific Modeling}
    }
  24. Manuel Wimmer, Gerti Kappel, Johannes Schönböck, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. A Petri Net based Debugging Environment for QVT Relations. Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE 2009). pages: 3 - 14. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009,
       title = {{A Petri Net based Debugging Environment for QVT Relations}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Gerti Kappel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE 2009)},
       pages = {3 - 14}
    }
  25. Wimmer Manuel, Gerti Kappel, Johannes Schönböck, Angelika Kusel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. TROPIC: A Framework for Model Transformations on Petri Nets in Color. Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGPLAN Conference Companion on Object Oriented Programming Systems Languages and Applications. OOPSLA '09, pages: 783--784. ACM, 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009b,
       title = {{TROPIC: A Framework for Model Transformations on Petri Nets in Color}},
       author = {Wimmer Manuel and Gerti Kappel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Angelika Kusel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2009},
       publisher = {ACM},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGPLAN Conference Companion on Object Oriented Programming Systems Languages and Applications},
       pages = {783--784},
       series = {OOPSLA '09}
    }
  26. Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Thomas Reiter, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger, Gerti Kappel. Lost in Translation? Transformation Nets to the Rescue!. Proceedings of the 3rd International United Information Systems Conference UNISCON 2009. Yang, Jianhua and Ginige, Athula and Mayr, HeinrichC. and Kutsche, Ralf-D., editors, pages: 315-327. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009e,
       title = {{Lost in Translation? Transformation Nets to the Rescue!}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Thomas Reiter and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger and Gerti Kappel},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the 3rd International United Information Systems Conference UNISCON 2009},
       pages = {315-327}
    }
  27. Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Johannes Schönböck, Gerti Kappel, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. Reviving QVT Relations: Model-based Debugging using Colored Petri Nets. Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems. Sch\"{u}rr, Andy and Selic, Bran, editors, pages: 727-732. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009c,
       title = {{Reviving QVT Relations: Model-based Debugging using Colored Petri Nets}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Gerti Kappel and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2009},
       publisher = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE 12th International Conference on Model Driven Engineering Languages and Systems},
       pages = {727-732}
    }
  28. Manuel Wimmer, Angelika Kusel, Johannes Schönböck, Thomas Reiter, Werner Retschitzegger, Wieland Schwinger. Let's Play the Token Game - Model Transformations Powered By Transformation Nets. Proceedings of International Workshop on Petri Nets and Software Engineering, a satellite event of 30th International Conference on Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency. pages: 35 - 50. 2009. PDF BibTeX
    @inproceedings{Wimmer2009d,
       title = {{Let's Play the Token Game - Model Transformations Powered By Transformation Nets}},
       author = {Manuel Wimmer and Angelika Kusel and Johannes Sch\"{o}nb\"{o}ck and Thomas Reiter and Werner Retschitzegger and Wieland Schwinger},
       year = {2009},
       booktitle = {Proceedings of International Workshop on Petri Nets and Software Engineering, a satellite event of 30th International Conference on Application and Theory of Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency},
       pages = {35 - 50}
    }